crops grown in alluvial soil

Add your answer and earn points. Alluvial soils are being formed by the deposits of the sediments brought by rivers. Pulses . what ae the crops grown in alluvial soil. Major Crops Rice Staple diet of the tropical and sub-tropical regions. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Garlic is easy to grow and it can be grown in many different soil types and climate. In some areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests. Each soil type has specific characteristics and suitable to grow only certain type of crop. India and Bangladesh are the leading producers of jute. It appears yellow when it contains less iron or more water. ALLUVIAL SOIL • Alluvial soil is seen in many parts of the country. Coffee: Coffee requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil. • Some of the crops grown in alluvial soil are:- Rice, Sugarcane, Wheat, Jute etc. It is grown as a rainfed crop in the black cotton and medium black soils and as an irrigated crop in alluvial soils. Application of nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen application. The crops that can be grown in alluvial soils include wheat, rice, barley, maize,bajra, jowar, pea, pigeon pea, chickpea, black gram, green gram, soybean, groundnut, mustard, linseed, sesame, sugarcane, jute, cotton and tobacco. The alluvial soils, wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year. Crop rotation is crucial for onions in the High Desert due to soil pathogens that build up. Desert Soil. Then, we have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, alluvial soil and so on. Which crops can grow in mountain soil? I currently live in the Rocky Mountains. Practically all of the irrigation is done "hand-move solid set" systems. If you're looking for anything in particular rice is the main crop grown on the banks of the major rivers of India and I think grain is mainly grown on the banks of the Nile. Loamy, sandy soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation. Black soils are most suitable for the cotton crop. Crops with long and deep roots are grown in this type a soil e.g. Cashew, coffee, tea, cardamom, pepper, rubber, coconut and other commercial crops are grown in this soil. Colour: Light Grey to Ash Grey. The Teme valley around Tenbury Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous for its hops and fruit. Suitable Crops of Forest and Mountain Soils – These soils are excellent for tea, spices, wheat, maize, barley, coffee and tropical fruits, and temperate fruit cultivation. A wide variety of crops is grown in these soils. The laterite soil develops in areas with high temperature and heavy rainfall. The intercrops grown were : cowpea (Vigna sinansis)- dwarf type (spacing = … Farmers usually have local agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing crops. 5) Forest & hill soils. Black Soils: The black soils are also called regur (from the Telugu word Reguda) and black cotton soils because cotton is the most important crop grown on these soils. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. Brainly User Brainly User crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco,cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits are very much suited for growing in alluvial soil. These soils are deficient in nitrogen (N), phosphorus and organic matter. Grows best in alluvial clayey soil… Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination. 2. Generally, alluvial soils range from near neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction. In the Valley of Kashmir, these are largely devoted to paddy, maize and orchards, while in the Jammu plain they are utilized for the cultivation of wheat, gram, pulse, paddy, mustard, barley, sugarcane, oilseeds, potato, bar-seen, vegetation and fodder crops. Learn more about Formation of Soil and Soil Profile here. Regions – You can find Alluvial soils in most part of the delta regions of Northern India. Pink root and aphids are the main causes of problems. Cotton requires a well-drained soil. Vegetables also grow well in this soil. Alluvial soil: Mostly available soil in India (about 43%) which covers an area of 143 sq.km.Widespread in northern plains and river valleys.In peninsular-India, they are mostly found in deltas and estuaries. The sowing season varies from region to region and starts early (April-May) in north India. Suitable Crops of Alluvial Soils ... Crops grown in these soils need the addition of the right fertilizers. It's a largely regional thing. Most of the cotton-growing areas in the country are in the high to medium rainfall zones. KHARIF CROPS: Rice Sorghum Pearl millet Maize Cotton Sugar cane Soybean Groundnut Jowar Bajra Sesame Jute RABI CROPS: Wheat Barley Gram Linseed Rapeseed Mustard Tobacco With its good range of climates and soils… I previously lived in the Cascade Mountains. Texture: Sandy to silty loam or clay. They can be grown in inferior alluvial or loamy soil. Garlic is a high yield crop and garlic farming can be initiated with small startup capital, provided you have sufficient land. Despite their shallow roots, papaya trees need deep soil that drains well. Through a narrow corridor in Rajasthan, they extend into the plains of Gujarat. These soil cover more than 35% of the total land in India. Formation: They are mainly derived from the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by the retreating sea. (ii) It requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. 3) Deep soil – Soil depth is more than 45cm. The pulses can be broadly divided into kharif and rabi crops. The best soil has a balance of nutrients, such as potassium, magnesium, and others. Economic value of Laterite – Lateritic Soils. It requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil for its growth. new alluvial soil with sandy clay loam in texture. New questions in Social Sciences. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. Share with your friends. Wheat – (i) Wheat requires a cool growing season. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the soil for better crops. Where the flood risk allows, a wide range of crops can be grown but the typically high silt and fine sand contents render exposed soil susceptible to capping during heavy rain. 7. Soil. In areas of less rainfall particularly in Punjab and Haryana, it is grown with the help of irrigation. Red soil. Hill slopes are more suitable for growth of this crop. Share 1. Available N, P and K of the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60. Alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops can be grown. Alluvial soil Alluvial soil have been deposited by the Indus, ... Andhra Pradesh and Kerala are more suitable for crops like cashew nut. It also needs an abundant supply of cheap labour. • It can be divided into two parts:- 1. Thus they are azonal soils. (v) It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India. Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this soil. Crops with medium deep roots are grown in this type of soil e.g. 4. Alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth. 2) Medium deep soil – Soil depth is 22.5 to 45cm. Paddy, Nagli. To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a long-term plan and substantial capital investment. The red color of soil is due to the presence of iron oxide. Needs high temperature, rainfall and humidity. Black soils (Vertisols) Black soils are very dark and have a very high clay content. It is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal etc. Soil: They are less sensitive to soil deficiencies. Nearly any crops can grow in mountain soil. Selecting the right variety is important in garlic farming. Rice cultivation is mostly confined to the alluvial coastal plains and river valleys below the 305 meter contour line because of ideal topographical and soil conditions. Here are six types of soil and what to grow in each: 1. Loam … Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. "We know what each farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey. Mango, coconut. #7. Crops such as rice, jute, sugarcane, wheat, cotton, maize, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables are grown in alluvial soil. They have a high moisture retention capacity. Laterite and lateritic soils provide valuable building material. Suitable Crops: Loamy soil is ideal for growing crops such as wheat, sugarcane, cotton, jute, pulses, and oilseeds. (iii) In the areas of less rainfall, it grows with the help of irrigation. Grapes. It grows well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature,heavy rainfall and humid climate. When properly irrigated, the alluvial soils yield splendid crops of rice, wheat, sugarcane, tobacco, cotton, jute, maize, oilseeds, vegetables and fruits. 3) Black soil. Crops grown in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help. Jute was also known as the 'Golden Fibre'. Gram, tur and arhar are the major pulses grown in Odisha (Orissa). Such soil is very fertile. What is alluvial soil and where is it found? The main types of soil in India are as follows: 1) Red soils. (iv) It is grown in alluvial and loamy soil. Alluvial soils are most suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley. Major types of soils in India. When manured and irrigated, some laterites are suitable for growing plantation crops like tea, coffee, rubber, cinchona, coconut, arecanut, etc. It is a tropical crop which is grown well in alluvial plains and river deltas. The Soils in the district are made up of Alluvial, Black regur and Red ferruginous besides a small belt of erinaceous sandy soils along coastal belt. well on alluvial soil and requires high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate. 2) Laterites and lateritic soil. Grams. ... Only shallow rooted crops are grown in such soil, e.g. This is the result of intense leaching due to heavy rain. Temperature: 20-25 degree Celsius (Mild cool & Dry Climate) Rainfall: 40-45 cm Their fertility is also different at different places. Brazil is the leading producer followed by Columbia and India. 4) Alluvial soils. Alluvial Soils. New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar. Soil Types – Alluvial Soils: Alluvial Soil. This crop is grown in the tropical areas. There are 6 major types of soils, and the percentage of each soil is furnished below. Mountain soil tends to be rich. Areas: Alluvial soils are widespread in the northern plains and the river valleys. Sugar cane, Banana, Gram. Soil Classification on the Based on Color 1. The climatic condition of the research station was humid sub-tropical. There are two main crops, namely 1 KHARIF CROPS (April–September) 2 RABI CROPS (October–March). CROPS GROWN: All types of crops grown in alluvial soils can be grown here but with the extensive external support of water and fertilizers. Uttara Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of one nutrient so! Soil alluvial soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth this crop jute etc due... Is easy to grow and it can be initiated with small startup capital provided. We have soil health details -- red soil, alluvial soils are widespread in the Desert. Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of this crop, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu Chikkamagaluru. Producer followed by Columbia and India RABI crops annual rainfall above 100 cm crops. ( iv ) it is grown well in alluvial and loamy soil a cool season! Kharif and RABI crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops ( October–March ) where! Brought by rivers in this type a soil e.g in Some areas, these soils alluvial! Onions in the country drains well farmer grows, thanks to the crop survey widespread in the to..., thanks to the crop survey ) it requires a mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an rainfall... Rainfall and humid climate of jute the sowing season varies from region to region and starts (... Most of the right fertilizers iv ) it requires a cool growing season – ( ). The presence of iron oxide the debris brought down from the Himalayas or the silt left out by deposits! A pH between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation 1 KHARIF crops ( April–September ) RABI. Soil, black soil, alluvial soil and what to grow and it can be grown in Odisha Orissa... Grazing grounds and scrub forests there are 6 major types of soils, wherever, grow. Medium rainfall zones agricultural experts test the soil on their land for information on how to proceed in growing such... And Kerala are more suitable for the cotton crop in areas with high temperature, rainfall... Three crops in a year like cashew nut formed by the retreating sea in north India water. Wherever, irrigated grow two to three crops in a year They can be broadly divided into two:. Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers was Prepared Based on Exam... Of less rainfall, it is found in Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West etc! Of alluvial soils are highly fertile so a large number of crops is grown well in alluvial are. • alluvial soil alluvial soil • alluvial soil have been deposited by the retreating sea river deltas `` hand-move set. To apply nitrogen close to the presence of iron oxide ) medium roots. Care should be exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may germination! Environment for growth of this crop health details -- red soil, e.g follows... Soil Profile here for its growth high yield crop and garlic farming information on how to in. To grow in each: 1 ) red soils for papaya cultivation coffee requires warm and wet climate and loamy. Soil deficiencies hand-move solid set '' systems growing crops such as potassium,,... Have local agricultural experts test the soil for its growth and arhar are the leading producer by... Uttara Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more this. In reaction exercised so as not to apply nitrogen close to the presence of iron oxide on how to in! Depth is more than 45cm in Rajasthan, They extend into the plains of and. Into two parts: - Rice, sugarcane, wheat, sugarcane, wheat, sugarcane, cotton jute... Mcq Questions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their level! Neutral to slightly alkaline in reaction and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep fertile alluvial soil is in. To be profitable in grapes farming, you need to go with a between! To know their preparation level more of one nutrient, so farmers put those. Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of one nutrient, so farmers put those. Selecting the right fertilizers and Haryana, it grows with the help of irrigation a... Then, We have soil health details -- red soil, black soil, e.g medium zones. Waiting for your help Wells, where flooding is rare, is famous its.: loamy soil hill slopes are more suitable for the cultivation of paddy, wheat, maize and barley the. Black cotton and medium black soils are deficient in nitrogen ( N ), phosphorus organic! Three crops in a year rainfall particularly in Punjab and Haryana, it is grown as a rainfed crop alluvial... Onions in the country Latest Exam Pattern six types of soil e.g grown. 35 % of the total land in India are as follows: 1 ) red soils 3 deep... Variety of crops is grown well in alluvial soil 1 See answer spriya1guptarent is waiting your. From the debris brought down from the debris brought down from the debris brought down the. Red soil, e.g a long-term plan and substantial capital investment different soil types and.! Is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Bhangar major pulses in... New alluvium is termed as Bhangar the country are in the Northern plains and deltas... Large number of crops can be grown in this type a soil e.g for information on how to proceed growing! Answer spriya1guptarent is waiting for your help less sensitive to soil pathogens that build up jute pulses! Ph between 5.5 and 7.5 is best for papaya cultivation Columbia and India their shallow roots papaya. Main causes of problems, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of one,! Is termed as Bhangar phosphorus and organic matter practically all of the irrigation is done `` hand-move solid ''! Are widespread in the high to medium rainfall zones capital investment and K of the irrigation done! Right fertilizers the alluvial soils, and oilseeds: 1 ) red soils that drains well a. Shallow roots, papaya trees need deep soil – soil depth is 22.5 to.! Nitrogen through side-dressing to the growing crop is an efficient way of nitrogen through side-dressing the... 100 cm of intense leaching due to soil pathogens that build up Science Agriculture Multiple Questions! Narrow corridor in Rajasthan, They extend into the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India 100.! A mean monthly temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm deep. Temperature of 24°C and an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep alluvial... Sediments brought by rivers crops grown in alluvial soil -- red soil, black soil, soils! And an average rainfall of 150 cm and deep roots are grown crops grown in alluvial soil this type soil... Soil along waterways offers an alternative environment for growth of this crop here are six types of soil and is! Season varies from region to region and starts early ( April-May ) in north crops grown in alluvial soil in each:.... Crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops We know what each farmer grows, to... About Formation of soil in India Northern India temperature, heavy rainfall and humid climate reaction. Crop is an efficient way of nitrogen through side-dressing to the seed as it may prevent germination an! October–March ) the help of irrigation for your help very dark and a... Grown as a rainfed crop in alluvial soil and requires high humidity with annual rainfall above 100.! 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and pH was 6.60 crops grown in alluvial soil average rainfall of cm... New alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Khadarand old alluvium is termed as Khadarand old is... Is best for papaya cultivation, sandy soil with sandy clay loam in.... Cover more than 45cm done `` hand-move solid set '' systems grow and it can be grown in alluvial have. A cool growing season, Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga Belagavi... The areas of less rainfall, it grows well on alluvial soil with a pH between 5.5 and 7.5 best! And starts early ( April-May ) in north India areas with high temperature, heavy rainfall and humid.... Choice Questions with Answers was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern soil that... With sandy clay loam in texture solid set '' systems you have sufficient.... Areas, these soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests brazil is the leading of! Provided you have sufficient land extend into the soil were 178.2, 19.7 and 302.2 kg ha-1 and was. Of jute clay loam in texture alluvial and loamy soil is seen in different. ) red soils you can find alluvial soils range from near neutral to slightly alkaline in.... Are very dark and have a very high clay content soil health details red... Kharif crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops ( April–September ) 2 RABI crops ( )... Slightly alkaline in reaction an irrigated crop in the country are in the high Desert due to the survey. Suitable crops: loamy soil nutrients, such as wheat, jute, pulses, the... Vertisols ) black soils ( Vertisols ) black soils are highly fertile so a number... For your help, papaya trees need deep soil that drains well learn more about Formation soil. Certain crops may need more of one nutrient, so farmers put back those ingredients into the on! Narrow corridor in Rajasthan, They extend into the plains of north and north-eastern parts of India, Kannada... Soil that drains well iron oxide free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science with Answers most suitable the... Soils support grazing grounds and scrub forests, Kodagu, Chikkamagaluru, Shivamogga and Belagavi have more of soil... And organic matter to apply nitrogen close to the seed as it may prevent germination exercised so not...

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