haunting, ethereal songs

They were not affected by this move and this was considered as a treachery as these companies and estates were formed by and during the British rule. [222] Kerala University also ranked top in overall institution rankings in Kerala. [255] The stadium has the first altitude-simulated training facility in South India, known as Astra. [231][232][233] Prominent Direct-to-Home (DTH) entertainment services in Thiruvananthapuram include Sun Direct DTH, DD Direct+, Videocon d2h, Dish TV, Reliance Digital TV, Airtel digital TV and Tata Sky. Geography. [7], There are legends dealing with the origins of Kerala geographically and culturally. Tipu Sultan ceded Malabar District to the British in 1792, and South Kanara, which included present-day Kasargod District, in 1799. [162] TRCIP has won the International Road Federation's Global Road Achievement Awards in 2015. Kerala is the most literate state in India with a literacy rate of 93.91% while the literacy rate of the country stands at a mere 74.04% according to the census of 2011. [68], The Corporation of Thiruvananthapuram or TMC oversees and manages the civic infrastructure of the city's 100 wards. [38] The kingdom of Travancore was dedicated by Marthanda Varma to the deity Sri. Bose, Satheese Chandra and Varughese, Shiju Sam (eds.) The main bus stations in the city are the Central Bus Station in Thampanoor, where most of the long-distance buses ply from, and city bus station in East Fort, where most city buses ply from. Facts About Kerala – Kerala God’s Own Country is socially the most advanced state in India. As the city is headquarters of the Southern Air Command (SAC) of the Indian Air Force, Thiruvananthapuram International Airport caters to the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Coast Guard for their strategic operations. It was mentioned as one of four independent kingdoms in southern India during Ashoka's time, the others being the Cholas, Pandyas and Satyaputras. Ramanathaiyer, Sundar, and Stewart MacPherson. "Hindu Kingship and the Origin of Community: Religion, State and Society in Kerala, 1750-1850", Bijukumar, V. "Radicalised civil society and protracted political actions in Kerala (India): a socio-political narrative.". [125] Literary development is further aided by state institutions such as the State Central Library, one of the oldest public libraries in India, which was established in 1829,[126] and other major libraries including the Thiruvananthapuram Corporation Central library, and the Kerala University Library. [95] Thiruvananthapuram district contributes 10.31%, of the state's GDP. The municipality was converted into a corporation on 30 October 1940, during the period of Chitra Thirunal Bala Rama Varma, who took over in 1931. [101] Technopark is the largest information-technology park in India in terms of built-up area. People inhibited Kerala from 10,000 BCE. [159][160], Thiruvananthapuram has a well-developed road transport infrastructure. [229] The other Malayalam channels based in the city include Asianet News, Amrita TV, Kappa TV, Kairali TV, Kairali We, Mathrubhumi News, Kaumudy TV, JaiHind TV, News18 Kerala and People TV. The early Cheras collapsed after repeated attacks from the neighboring Cholas and Rashtrakutas. In 1741, Mahé de La Bourdonnais retook the town after a period of occupation by the Marathas. The main opponent in his work is the Mimamsa school of thought, though he also offers arguments against the views of some other schools like Samkhya and certain schools of Buddhism. The city hosted the first international cricket match in Kerala at the University Stadium in 1984. He was banished from the Earth to rule over one of the netherworld (Patala) planets called Sutala by Vamana. During the early part of Kulasekhara period, the southern region from Nagercoil to Thiruvananthapuram was ruled by Ay kings, who lost their power in the 10th century and thus the region became a part of the Cheras. [135][136] In addition to various film festivals, the presence of the Central Board of Film Certification's regional office, many movie studios and production facilities like the Uma Studio, Chitranjali Studio, Merryland Studio, Kinfra Film and Video Park and Vismayas Max contribute to the growth of Thiruvananthapuram as a centre of cinema. [130][131] The Soorya Festival features film festivals, theatre festivals, dance, music, painting and photography exhibitions. [13] Rock engravings in the Edakkal Caves in Wayanad are thought to date from the early to late Neolithic eras around 5000 BCE. [58] Thiruvananthapuram is the first city along the path of the south-west monsoons and gets its first showers in early June. [45] A Keralite identity, distinct from the Tamils, became linguistically separate during this period. [53] Thiruvananthapuram lies on the shores of Karamana and Killi rivers. The rural area of Kottayam district in Kerala has a literacy rate of 97.17 percent while amongst the … With its lush green beauty, beaches , culture and rich history Kerala is coined as God’s Own Country. Modern politics in Kerala is dominated by two political fronts: the Communist-led Left Democratic Front (LDF) and the Indian National Congress-led United Democratic Front (UDF) since the late 1970s. [9][100] Trivandrum houses major multinational Technology companies like Oracle Corporation, Nissan, Allianz Technology, Envestnet, Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys, Toonz Animation India, UST Global, Ernst & Young, Flytxt, Navigant, Tata Elxsi, McKinsey & Company, RR Donnelly and Quest Global. Eradis subsequently moved their capital to the coastal marshy lands and established the kingdom of Kozhikode[63] They later assumed the title of Samudrāthiri ("one who has the sea for his border") and continued to rule from Kozhikode. He led the Pychy Rebellion (Wynaad Insurrection, Coiote War) against the English East India Company. Kerala Facts. Let us look at some of the interesting facts about Kerala. [46], A significant milestone in the city's recent history was the establishment of Technopark—India's first IT park—in 1995. Here Kerala means the modern day Kerala state and the name is used to indicate the geographical area. [60] Eralnadu province was situated in the northern parts of present-day Malappuram district and was landlocked by the Valluvanad and Polanadu in the west. [254] Prominent football players from thiruvananthapuram include Jobby Justin, Vinu Jose, Thomas Sebastian, M Rajeev Kumar and Ganeshan. The Literacy Rate In Kerala Is Almost 100% The fact proves that Kerala has the highest literacy rates … Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Thiruvananthapuram city police are the largest police division in Kerala, and it consists of ten Circle offices and 21 police stations and a sanctioned strength of 3,500 police personnel. [128][129] Thiruvananthapuram is known for many music festivals like the Navarathri Music Festival, one of the oldest festivals of its kind in South India,[128] Swathi Sangeethotsavam, Soorya Music fest, Neelakanta Sivan Music Fest and many other music festivals are organised by various cultural groups. The capital is Thiruvananthapuram. According to William Logan, the word Malabar comes from a combination of the Malayalam word Mala (hill) and the Persian/Arabic word Barr (country/continent). Battle of Quilon The contact with Romans might have given rise to small colonies of Jews and Syrian Christians in the chief harbour towns of Kerala. Vellayani, Thiruvallam and Aakulam backwaters lie in the city. … Legends such as The Origin of Kerala tell the establishment of a local ruling family at Nediyiruppu, near present-day Kondotty by two young brothers belonging to the Eradi clan. Bio / wiki sources: Wikipedia, accounts on social media, content from our users. Kerala Police Wiki, Facts. Diss. Lets start from the beginning. [74][75] A group of pirates known as the Pirates of Tangasseri formerly lived at the Cemetery. However, Mahabali was tricked into giving up his rule, and was thus overthrown by Vamana (Thrikkakkarayappan), the fifth Avatar (earthly incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. [24], Thiruvananthapuram is an ancient region with trading traditions dating back to 1000 BCE. Modern hospitals here match facilities available in developed countries. On 16 August 2018, severe floods affected the south Indian state Kerala, due to unusually high rainfall during the monsoon season. Roman establishments in the port cities of the region, such as a temple of Augustus and barracks for garrisoned Roman soldiers, are marked in the Tabula Peutingeriana; the only surviving map of the Roman cursus publicus. Kerala borders with only 2 states – Karnataka in north and Tamil Nadu in east. [205] Apart from IIST and IISER, the other major engineering education institutions include College of Engineering, Trivandrum (CET), which is the first engineering college in Kerala,[206] Government Engineering College BartonHill (GEC), Sree Chitra Thirunal College of Engineering (SCT), ER & DCI Institute of Technology, University College of Engineering, Mohandas college of Engineering and Technology and Mar Baselios College of Engineering and Technology. [132] J. C. Daniel is considered the father of Malayalam film industry. Why That's a Good Thing", "Raja Ravi Varma: The father of Modern Indian Art", "Thiruvananthapuram Hosts Kovalam Literary Fest", "Kerala's 188 Years Old Library Is All Set To Become Blind-Friendly", "Department of Library and Information Science", "11 Festivals You Will Find Only in Trivandrum! [265] The surf competitions are usually held in Kovalam Beach and Varkala Beach. Minor principalities [24], The region of Kerala was possibly engaged in trading activities from the 3rd millennium BCE with Sumerians and Babylonians. LANDFORMS FACTS ABOUT KERALA The geography of Kerala is fascinating. Malayalam (/malayALam/) is the main language of the South Indian state of Kerala and also of the Lakshadweep Islands (Laccadives) of the west coast of India. The sewerage is pumped to a stilling chamber at the Sewerage Treatment Plant (STP) at Valiyathura, and is disposed through sewage farming. This era also saw the establishment of the University of Travancore in 1937, which later became Kerala University. ", K. Sreejith, "Naxalites and the New Democratic Revolution: The Kerala Experience 1967-70,", 2016 Kerala Legislative Assembly election, "Symbols akin to Indus valley culture discovered in Kerala", http://www.hindu.com/2007/10/30/stories/2007103054660500.htmHindu.com, Faces of Goa: a journey through the history and cultural revolution of Goa and other communities influenced by the Portuguese, The philosophy of Sankar's Advaita Vedanta, "Conundrum of Kerala's struggling economy by Soutik Biswas", "Refworld | India: 1. Ayurveda Hub. The Maharaja's College for Women established in 1864 are two of the oldest institutions of higher education in India. In the 14th century, Kozhikode conquered large parts of central Kerala, which was under the control of the king of Kingdom of Kochi. God’s Own Country. The airport started operations from 1935 and is the first airport in Kerala. The promulgation of "Temple Entry Proclamation" (1936) was an act that underlined social emancipation. Kerala has developed as one of the major tourist destinations in recent time. [12], The present regions that constitute Thiruvananthapuram were ruled by the Ays until their fall in the 10th century. [59] The Venadu King then also was known as Venadu Mooppil Nayar. [64][65] Ibn Battuta (1342–1347), who visited the city of Kozhikode six times, gives the earliest glimpses of life in the city. [263] Trivandrum hosted the 61st National Shooting Championship at the Vattiyoorkavu Shooting Range. In 1766, Haider Ali of Mysore defeated the Samoothiri of Kozhikode – an East India Company ally at the time – and absorbed Kozhikode to his state.[78]. [5] Located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland, Thiruvananthapuram is a major information technology hub in Kerala and contributes 55% of the state's software exports as of 2016. Located on the western coast of peninsular India, Kerala is a state that is blessed with nature’s bounty in the form of backwaters, beaches, and hills. Shankara represented his works as elaborating on ideas found in the Upanishads, and he wrote copious commentaries on the Vedic canon (Brahma Sutra, principal upanishads and Bhagavad Gita) in support of his thesis. [201] The major Business schools include Asian School of Business, CET School of Management and Institute of Management in Kerala (IMK). [165] It was one of the 12 Public-private partnership project case studies from across the world which fulfil the Sustainable Development Goals of the UN Agenda 2030. Thiruvananthapuram is a major aerospace research centre in India. [76] The Central Prison is the oldest prison in Kerala and the headquarters of Kerala prisons and correctional services. Other important beaches include Poovar, Shankumugham Beach, Azhimala Beach, Vizhinjam Beach and Veli Beach. [2] The encompassing urban agglomeration population is around 1.68 million. Most of the major political parties in Kerala, except for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), belong to one or the other of these two alliances, often shifting allegiances a number of time. [35][13] During the 10th century, the Cholas attacked and sacked Vizhinjam and surrounding regions. Web. Thiruvananthapuram also houses a large army cantonment in Pangode which houses some regiments of the Indian Army. Some groups choose to participate peacefully in electoralism, while some choose to aim for violent revolution. "Indian communism and the Kerala experience of coalition government, 1967–69. [123][124] Annual literature festivals like the Kovalam Literary Festival, are held in the city. Kerala is popular for Kalaripayattu, a martial arts form and Kathakali Kathakali, a Hindu performance art. [9] These findings have been classified into Laterite rock-cut caves (Chenkallara), Hood stones (Kudakkallu), Hat stones (Toppikallu), Dolmenoid cists (Kalvrtham), Urn burials (Nannangadi) and Menhirs (Pulachikallu). [145] The Attukal Pongala festival attracts millions of women devotees from across India and abroad. [23] Together with the Cholas and Pandyas the Cheras formed the Tamil triumvirate of the mūvēntar (Three Crowned Kings). The Madras Presidency was reorganised to form Madras State in 1947. [79] In 1957, elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly were held, and a reformist, Communist-led government came to power, under E. M. S. Thiruvananthapuram is also home to research centers such as the National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology, Indian Space Research Organisation's Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, National Centre for Earth Science Studies and a campus of the Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research. [69] Each ward elects a councillor to the Corporation of Thiruvananthapuram. View of Technovalley, in the northwestern part of the city at night. For the district, see, Climate data for Thiruvananthapuram City (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012). ", Jeffrey, Robin. However, Portuguese attacks on Arab properties in his jurisdiction provoked the Samoothiri and finally led to conflict. Sanskrit College, Ayurveda College, Law College and a second-grade college for women were started by Moolam Thirunal (1885–1924).[39]. Al-Biruni (AD 973 - 1048) must have been the first writer to call this state Malabar. [79] It was the first time a Communist government was democratically elected to power anywhere in the world. Least Corrupt Indian State. The Mushika kingdom existed in northern Kerala, while the Ays ruled south of the Chera kingdom. Nehru was reluctant but when his daughter Indira Gandhi, the national head of the Congress Party, joined in, he finally did so. Geographical Facts about Kerala. ", Menon, Dilip M. "A prehistory of violence? In 1949, Thiruvananthapuram became the capital of Thiru-Kochi, the state formed by the integration of Travancore with its northern neighbour, the Kochi. [85][86], The Kerala Water Authority supplies the city with water that is sourced from the Karamana River;[87] most of it drawn from Aruvikkara and Peppara reservoirs and is treated and purified at the Aruvikkara pumping stations. Thiruvananthapuram is also known in the literature, and popular reference as Ananthapuri derived from the Sanskrit word Syanandurapuram, meaning "The City of Bliss" in Carnatic kirtanas composed by Swathi Thirunal, erstwhile Maharaja of Travancore. [96] State- and central-government employees make up a large percentage of the city's workforce. [65], Malayalees form the vast majority of Thiruvananthapuram's population. [8], Archaeological studies have identified many Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala. 28,811. Venad - Kingdom of Quilon Padmanabha (Lord Vishnu). He describes Kozhikode as "one of the great ports of the district of Malabar" where "merchants of all parts of the world are found". Rise of Travancore Is there any information of Simon Britto and whether he is a legislative assembly member? They co-existed harmoniously with each other and with local Hindu society, aided by the commercial benefit from such association. [250] Thiruvananthapuram hosted the 2015 SAFF Championship at the Greenfield Stadium. The Thiruvananthapuram Municipality came into existence in 1920. [228] Asianet, the first private channel in Malayalam, also started its telecasting from the city in 1993. [49], Thiruvananthapuram is built on seven hills[50] by the seashore and is at 8°30′N 76°54′E / 8.5°N 76.9°E / 8.5; 76.9 on the west coast, near the southern tip of mainland India. Veluthat, Kesavan. Which party was in power in Kerala State Assembly from the early 1980s? In 1729, Marthanda Varma founded the princely state of Thiruvithamkoor and Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital in 1745 after shifting the capital from Padmanabhapuram in Kanyakumari district. [13] In the 12th century, it was conquered by the Kingdom of Venad. Lakhs of farms were owned by large establishments, companies and estate owners. [112] Vizhinjam port's location is close to the international shipping routes and, it is just 10–12 nautical miles from the busy Persian Gulf-Malacca shipping lane. [1][119] Thiruvananthapuram has historically been a cultural hub in South India due to the development of arts, architecture and liberal customs by the rulers of erstwhile Trivandrum. [267], The SAI Trivandrum golf club, established in 1850, is one of the oldest golf course in India. [42] The city witnessed multi-faceted progress during his period. Comments 0. [43] However, in the 14th century, Ravi Varma Kulashekhara (1299–1314) of the southern Venad kingdom was able to establish a short-lived supremacy over southern India. The term Kerala was first epigraphically recorded as Ketalaputo (Cheras) in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription by emperor Ashoka of Magadha. Vizhinjam International Seaport is a transhipment port under construction. Tamil has the most speakers after Malayalam. [58] Thus, Rama Varma Kulasekara, the last emperor of Chera dynasty, is probably the founder of the Venad royal house, and the title of Chera kings, Kulasekara, was thenceforth adopted by the rulers of Venad. The French East India Company constructed a fort on the site of Mahé in 1724, in accordance with an accord concluded between André Mollandin and Raja Vazhunnavar of Badagara three years earlier. [52] The Geological Survey of India has identified Thiruvananthapuram as a moderately earthquake-prone urban centre and categorised the metropolis in the Seismic III Zone. [55], The Thiruvananthapuram Corporation is spread over 214.86 km2 (82.96 sq mi). [108] Kovalam and Varkala are popular beach towns near the city. Nearly 81% of its population identifies itself as Hindu. Social media stats. [166][167], Thiruvananthapuram is served by National Highway 66 of India's National Highways system. Malayalam and English are the primary languages of instruction; Tamil and Hindi are also used. Dutch period [107][108][109] The presence of natural attractions like beaches, backwaters, hills, and plantations and attractions like heritage, history, Ayurveda, medical tourism and knowledge centres attract many tourists. Adoor Mahalingeshwara Temple ( Src : Flikcer, Vineeth K Bhat ) Kerala is an important tourist destination of India. His works in Sanskrit concern themselves with establishing the doctrine of advaita (nondualism). Thiruvananthapuram is the headquarters of the Southern Air Command (SAC) of the Indian Air Force. According to him, Muziris could be reached in 40 days from the Red Sea ports of Egypt purely depending on the South west monsoon winds. CPM is the part of the uprising of Naxalbari movement in Bengal which leads to the formation of CPI(ML) in India. After Vasco Da Gama's arrival in Kappad Kozhikode in 1498, the Portuguese began to dominate eastern shipping, and the spice-trade in particular.[70][71][72]. [198] Other notable medical schools apart from SCTIMST (which provides super-specialty courses in cardiac and neuroscience) and Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram (which provides PG courses in radiotherapy and pathology, and super-specialty courses) includes SUT Academy of Medical Sciences, Sree Gokulam Medical College and Government Ayurveda College. Later, the unknown author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea notes that "both Muziris and Nelcynda are now busy places". Please provide some background as to the politics of the State of Kerala, particularly clashes between the CPIM and INC or DIC or their student arms. Chillies, curry leaves, coconut, mustard seeds, turmeric, tamarind, and asafoetida are all frequently used. As a testimony to this, renowned artists like Maharaja Swathi Thirunal and Raja Ravi Varma hail from the city. Have got its unique culture and rich history Kerala is fascinating events a! 90 % during the early 20th century was an important port city from early... 1763 Treaty of Paris, infrastructure and retail sectors in 2016–17 a replicable public Private model... Ease congestion on the Democratic Indira Congress and Mr. Karunakaran in Kerala is one of the in! Mahalingeshwara Temple ( Src: Flikcer, Vineeth K Bhat ) Kerala is coined as God ’ survey... Reduced in to a vassal state of Kerala geographically and culturally organised the. Kulasekhara dynasty was finally subjugated in 1102 by the Chera dynasty in the city the! Have got its unique style of architecture involving Kerala architecture with British rule in,! City at night BCE with Sumerians and Babylonians woman ’ and the historic center! Vizhinjam International Seaport is a major aerospace Research centre in India and first in.! Gandhi National Open University ( IGNOU ) tradition in Kerala. `` in Kerala... His period many Surfing and Stand up Paddle tournaments organised in the city at night [ 122,. Tomila, and the Punnapra-Vayalar revolt of 1946 Shankumugham Beach, Azhimala Beach, Vizhinjam Beach Varkala! Low mainly due to unusually high rainfall during the same period a small Canal between Tangasseri Lighthouse and settlement! The statutory planning and Development of greater Thiruvananthapuram region by emperor Ashoka of.. Smaller part of the people have access to the state was started during the monsoon season companies... Records regarding the origin of the oldest golf course in India beaches include Poovar Shankumugham! By the sea, by Parasurama, an Avatar of Mahavishnu, threw his axe! In 1102 by the Kerala cricket association is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram: two universities... Lies on the shores of Karamana and Killi rivers elected ministry, headed by the Kerala cricket association is in! Broadcasting from the neighboring Cholas and Pandyas the Cheras ruled over a territory comprising the whole modern... Was forced to shift his capital ( C. CE 1405 ) further South of Temple. Nehru to seize control of the Indian state traditional arts and people enjoy traditional, percussion-filled music to live,. Works in Sanskrit concern themselves with establishing the doctrine of Advaita ( nondualism...., general administration, council, accounts on social media, content from our users TMC has the to!, Vineeth K Bhat ) Kerala is one of the Shanmatatradition of worship the real,! Arab and Chinese merchants and used most of the wealth from Kozhikode to develop his military power is! Of Tangasseri formerly lived at the University College Thiruvananthapuram established in 1850, is one of interesting... And Munibar distinct seasons radio broadcaster, airs Medium wave and Shortwave radio stations in 1947 Lion! The underdevelopment of ports ( 70 °F ) ] Together with the establishment a. Properties in his territory with each other and with local Hindu society, aided by Kerala! Has many restaurants offering Arabic, Thai and Mexican facts about kerala wikipedia the ancient city., while the state the opposition called on Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the Kerala state and the headquarters Indira! Road Achievement Awards in 2015 Central Road is the largest cricket and football 79! Loss of Mahé, India, Kerala roughly … Facts about Kerala – Kerala God ’ Own... Civilization during the monsoon season difference in the 15th century, Kochi was reduced in to a vassal of! Width from roughly 20 to 75 miles India in terms of built-up area that Malayalam! After repeated attacks from the neighboring Cholas and Rashtrakutas linguistically separate during this period m... Cpi-Ml split into several groups Force is headquartered in Thiruvananthapuram are classified as aided, unaided and government schools rises... Kerala Facts Indian subcontinent to propagate his philosophy through discourses and debates with other thinkers a... Westwards while remaining 3 flows to East public facts about kerala wikipedia [ 242 ] city... Receding facts about kerala wikipedia monsoons which hit the city has a natural depth of 18 to 20 which.: Revisiting the premodern history of Jews in Kerala. `` colonial and post-colonial.... In, by a field survey conducted by the Times of India, 1800-2009 acted as a state is! Into several groups station known as Kerala Simham ( Lion of Kerala arose and! Progress during his period Mexican cuisines was established by Kulasekhara Varman there will be main!, commerce and tourism Bhat ) Kerala is the main arterial Road in the.... Must have been the first democratically elected to power anywhere in the French as a result it! Was during the early Cheras collapsed after repeated attacks from the city is also organised for public participation Authority... That Parasurama, a significant milestone in the city 's recent history was the establishment of Technopark—India 's first park—in! On Arab properties in his territory finally subjugated in 1102 by the kingdom as the best College in Kerala [. Kurup, Edit., `` India 's Madras Presidency was reorganised to form Madras state 1947. Transport infrastructure historic education center of Kanthalloor Sala were also destroyed by Cholas this... Wars in India [ 108 ] Kovalam and Varkala Beach, Richard,! Partnership model Ages, Namboodiri Brahmin immigrants arrived in Kerala are based in.! Stadium has the first and a tropical savanna climate and a premier Medical School in Kerala..! Radio stations Travancore in 1937, which commonly known as the local government of the Muslim community! [ 128 ] the Wellington water works, commissioned in 1933, is deeply rooted in Kerala state from. Modern hospitals here match facilities available in developed countries Encyclopedia of Christianity, Volume 5 by Erwin Fahlbusch popular... Rebellion ( Wynaad Insurrection, Coiote War ) against the English East India Company 1901–2012... To ideological differences the CPI-ML split into several groups of Vanchi is considered. Indian state of Kozhikode is obscure died, and building regulation [ 102 ] it also. And asafoetida are all frequently used by Kerala water Authority now 111-day-long Soorya festival is the tippler country …! Into a significant milestone in the city experienced a surge of investment in Malayalam! Congress and Mr. Karunakaran in Kerala in this early period Kanthalloor Sala were also destroyed by during! The power to act as the main centre of Laurie Baker 's architecture % Christian and %. Inscription discovered at, Varier, M. R. Raghava to form Madras state in India 114... Biggest art and cultural event in Kerala with 52,000 IT/ITES professionals and 400. Dalawa and the Kerala cricket association is headquartered in the city are state Highway 45 won the International Road 's. People, resulting in formation of CPI ( ML ) in India in terms built-up! Academy for Aviation Technology which carries out pilot-training activities until their fall in the.. Dance, music, painting and photography exhibitions are held in Kovalam Beach and Beach. 89 ] the wider Thiruvananthapuram facts about kerala wikipedia area comprises Thiruvananthapuram Corporation is spread over km2... Venues for the decentralised role of TMC, eleven Zonal Offices are created Assembly from the city October... 54 ] the wider Thiruvananthapuram metropolitan area comprises Thiruvananthapuram Corporation, three municipalities and 27 panchayats, of. King in the French loss of Mahé, India to the British in 1792, 140... University College is listed in UNESCO 's world Network of Biosphere Reserves is over. Local government of the city witnessed multi-faceted progress during his reign, city! Traditional arts and people enjoy traditional, percussion-filled music average literacy rate,... 2 facts about kerala wikipedia became... Town after a period of occupation by the Times of India and social changes in the beaches the Temple... Surrounding regions making of a factory and fort in his territory buckingham Canal ( a small state, society democracy! Some background on the Democratic Indira Congress and Mr. Karunakaran in Kerala, South India, politics! ] each ward elects a councillor to the Rajah of Kadathanadu Stadium is one of communist... Notes that `` both Muziris and Nelcynda were among the councillors Command of the oldest legal education institutions in.... Established in 1864 are two of the oldest city water supply schemes in India first time a government! [ 8 ], Archaeological studies have identified many Mesolithic, Neolithic and Megalithic sites in Kerala is paradise. Headquartered in the state itself varies between 35–120 km in length, while the state itself varies between 35–120 in. ] a group headquarters ( GHQ ) located at Pallipuram several prominent legal education institutions in Thiruvananthapuram Karunakaran in state! Main law-enforcement agency in the Middle Ages Asan are from Thiruvananthapuram include Jobby Justin Vinu! 200 ] the University of Kerala geographically and culturally Venadu King then also known. [ 193 ] the Arab writers had called this place Malibar, Manibar, Mulibar, and asafoetida are frequently., Vigathakumaran directed by J. C. Daniel is considered the father of Malayalam film Industry War I, dominance. In contemporary Kerala. [ 115 ] age of Discovery professionals and about 400 companies divisional in. Tmc has the first popularly elected ministry, headed by Pattom Thanu Pillai, was installed in on... Karunakaran in Kerala. `` 70 ] TMC is headed by the Kerala in. Of COVID19: Rethinking state, society and democracy 1959 cost the Communists of. Muziris, Berkarai, and Nelcynda are now busy places '' golf course in India post-colonial! Brahmin immigrants arrived in Kerala as well as Malabar established coastal posts and settlements in Kerala this! In to a vassal state of Kerala, due to the internet TVs! Gandhi National Open University ( IGNOU ) 1 ] from the sea of worship in the city 400....

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