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I got up to her and said, out loud mind you, "ahh, come on"! For example, by the time a whitetail buck reaches maturity at 4 and a half years, it will have a thick, muscular neck and a bulky stomach and chest. The set on the left were from a ten point yearling that grew into a 18 point adult. account_circle  Although a neck-shot mature buck can yield a big amount of steaks, chops,hamburger and stew meat, the amount of meat seems minuscule when compared to the meat yield of domestic animals.All animals are built a little different. Your age estimate will be a minimum age for the deer and it is very accurate to within a year. Long bone growth is complete at about three years of age. In most hunted deer populations, less than two percent of the animals are more than five years of age. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. You give good advice on how to discern a mature buck, but where I hunt (Michigan farmland - a veritable paradise for a deer hunter) doe control is necessary, and I also prefer doe meat. In order to manage for older age deer herds, a manager must manipulate the herd to produce some young deer, some middle age deer, and some older age deer. October 13, 2015 Effect of season on characteristics of red deer/ Cervus elaphus L./ semen collected using modified artificial vagina. I suggest you only harvest males if there is a surplus (more than three) and the male is an age or level of maturity you desire. In general, deer close to 5-1/2; years of age will show considerable wear on the premolars, and the first cusp of the fourth cheek tooth (first molar) will be dished out or show signs of “cupping.” If only older males and females were harvested, the remaining population would consist of 30 adult males, 30 adult females and 60 fawns. You have a FAWN! White-tailed deer typically live about 4 and a half years in the wild, but can survive for 6-14 years in captivity. any personal information to the agency. For more advice, including how to identify age-related wear and discoloration on a deer’s teeth, read on! 11⁄ 2-Year-Old Buck (Yearling) It is often said a yearling buck resembles a “doe with antlers,” which makes it relatively easy to discern. Under this scenario with 1:1 buck to doe ratio the herd would "turn over" every 3 years. By using our site, you agree to our. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 45,195 times. 150-300 Lbs for mature bucks. Once a deer is at least 2.5 years old, then you use the amount of wear to estimate whether the deer is actually 2.5, 3.5 or older. It may be hard for novice hunters to determine an age of a buck by its antlers because they grow at different rates depending on the health of the habitat. A herd with mostly older age females is more productive than a herd with mostly young females. Yet there are beautiful bucks out there that have been able to beat the odds and continue to roam freely in those areas just the same. Female deer usually conceive at about one and one half years of age and usually fawn at two years of age. Age Determination of White-tailed Deer Tooth wear and replacement is one of several methods for aging white-tailed deer. Having a nutritionally healthy deer herd at or below the carrying capacity of the land usually means a highly productive deer herd. For more advice, including how to identify age-related wear and discoloration on a deer’s teeth, read on! The first fawn is usually a single. The set in the middle were from an 8 point yearling that remained an eight point throughout its life. Kudos!". You can also examine the deer’s antlers. They are arranged from the yearling set at the bottom to the oldest set at the top. I suggest you harvest enough female axis deer to balance the herd with the amount of quality forage and the competition with other species you desire in the area. wikiHow's Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards. The 1st 3 teeth are premolars. Females occasionally have twins, and a deer giving birth to triplets is not unheard of, but a single fawn is more likely. If only older males and females were harvested, it would leave the population with no adult males and 50 adult females leaving the range 30 deer in excess of carrying capacity. From my experience, of all the body characteristics you use the neck is the one most consistent with age. Email subscriber privacy policy Females tend to live about two years longer than males. The trick is to remove deer with little antler potential and save those with the best potential. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. [question] I love your videos, and can't wait to always see the next one. This graph shows the percent of maximum antler growth that a male white-tailed deer averages at each age. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. E-Newsletter Archive. Their bodies are muscular and filled out, which actually makes their legs now appear too short. Aging a deer in November is much easier than it is in May or January. S T A G E 1 S T 1 1/2: As a yearling, this buck grew 3-inch spikes – not a very impressive start compared to what he would turn into at 4 1/2 years of age. Content of this site copyright Texas Parks and Wildlife Department unless otherwise noted. Your contact information is used to deliver requested updates or to access your subscriber preferences. Nutrition Antler growth and casting is an energetically expensive task for white-tailed deer. She was by herself and as you said, I had no other deer with her to compare. While there are no hard-and-fast rules, and regional variability does exist, here’s a breakdown of body characteristics that can get you in the ballpark for an age estimate. References. wikiHow's. It really depends on where they live and their food sources. Aging a Buck Based by Its Antlers Look at the length of its antlers. This buck was one of about 30 to 40 deer that stayed on the property. To return the population back to carrying capacity, one would need to harvest 30 males and 30 females. Yearling bucks' necks are very thin and connect high on the chest. Texas Parks and Wildlife biologists have been using this deer aging technique to manage deer on ranches, wildlife management areas and by county since 1965. Last Updated: December 8, 2019 {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/7\/79\/Age-a-Deer-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Age-a-Deer-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/7\/79\/Age-a-Deer-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid8834276-v4-728px-Age-a-Deer-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Determining the Age of a Deer Based on Its Teeth, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/d\/da\/Age-a-Deer-Step-9-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Age-a-Deer-Step-9-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/d\/da\/Age-a-Deer-Step-9-Version-2.jpg\/aid8834276-v4-728px-Age-a-Deer-Step-9-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Official site for state-approved sources related to life in Indiana, including laws, services, and culture, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/3\/3d\/Age-a-Deer-Step-10-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Age-a-Deer-Step-10-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/3\/3d\/Age-a-Deer-Step-10-Version-2.jpg\/aid8834276-v4-728px-Age-a-Deer-Step-10-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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