commelina diffusa control

Oviedo Prieto R; Herrera Oliver P; Caluff MG, et al. 278 pp. Plant Disease Reporter, 49(7):583-585. Our team is growing all the time, so we’re always on the lookout for smart people who want to help us reshape the world of scientific publishing. ACIAR Monograph No. Weed control in the forest nursery with CFNP (MO-500). [38, 39]. These include preemergence herbicides with residual activity such as Axiom® (flufenacet + metribuzin), Dual Magnum® Canopy SP® (metribuzin + chlorimuron) and Sencor® (metribuzin) and postemergence herbicides with fair to good activity such as Basagran®, Classic® (acetochlor) and Pursuit® (Imazethapyr). Inflorescens bract (spathe) margin not connate. Waterhouse DF, 1993. Commelina benghalensis L. Vernacular names : Indonesia : - Description : 1. [3rd Conference of the Asian-Pacific Weed Science Society. Commelina diffusa occurs as a weed in 17 crops in 26 countries and Murdannia nudiflora occurs as a weed in 16 crops in 23 countries [27]. It is an important weed of wheat, oats, barley and soyabeans in Russia (Shcherbakova, 1974). Ciba Geigy, 1982. Many standard herbicides have relatively low activity on species of Commelina [84]. Noltie HJ, 1994. Secondly, the move within recent years by banana growers to adopt a Fairtrade system which uses no herbicides has catapulted the spread to an all-time high in the Windward Islands. Commelina species, namely C. diffusa and elegans, were reported as the 3rd most troublesome weed in the Caribbean where they are a serious problem of banana and other crops in the Windward Islands of Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia and St. Vincent and the Grenadines [24]. Commelina species, notably C. communis L, C. diffusa Burm, C. elegans Kunth. and Radopholus similis in banana [13, 27, 29, 44, 55, 57, 60, 87] and coffee. Hepper), pp. Lorenzi H, 1982. Stroud A; Parker C, 1989. Castillo M; Garcia JG; Rodriquez F, 1971a. in the USA [63, 64]. Seed germination of C. benghalensis was found to increase by soil solarization in studies conducted in Brazil [43]. Its flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals. Publishing on IntechOpen allows authors to earn citations and find new collaborators, meaning more people see your work not only from your own field of study, but from other related fields too. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. The spread of C. benghalensis is attributed, in part, to the adoption of weed management programmes that lack the use of residual herbicides along with the adoption of reduced-tillage production practices [54]. Indeed, the CAB ABSTRACTS Database contains well over 1200 references on Commelinaceae from 1981 to the present. The most effective herbicide control strategies for C. benghalensis involve combinations of both pre-emergence and postemergence conventional herbicides [54]. The plant is propagated mainly by seeds, stem cuttings and rooting from nodes and pieces [19, 46, 74, 75]. Effect of ten years' application with bromacil in citrus (Satsuma mandarin) orchard. Commelina diffusa is found throughout the tropics of America, Africa, Asia and the Pacific, also in the subtropics in the southern part of the USA, South America, Australia and south Asian islands. Tagblumen (Commelina) sind eine Gattung in der Familie der Commelinagewächse (Commelinaceae) innerhalb der Einkeimblättrigen Pflanzen. CABI, Undated. Herbicides with good activity on C. diffusa in rice include bentazone, molinate, … Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. by F.N. Commelina diffusa is grazed by small ruminants, pigs and cows. Plantas daninhas de Brasil, terrestres, aquaticas, parasitas, toxicas e medicinais. Occasionally the buds may sprout and grow into erect shoots directly without undergoing a period of inactivity [12]. Commelina nudiflora auct. However, recent research has indicated that C. diffusa compared well with many commonly used fodder crops and could contribute as a protein source for ruminants on smallholder farms [30]. Dhingra OD; Silva JFda, 1978. The cover crops included Arachis pintoi (wild peanuts) which was sown by seed and stem cuttings, 16 cm apart, Mucuna pruriens (velvet beans) drilled 30 cm apart and Desmodium heterocarpon var ovalifolium (CIAT 13651) broadcast at a rate of 5 kg/ha. Because Commelina species is a broadleaved weed it is generally not considered highly competitive for nutrients however this fact is not well researched and its allelopathic potential also needs to be ascertained. Origen y distribución 3. Commelina diffusa is a pantropical plant in the day flowering plant that is most commonly known as climbing day flower or spreading day flower. The first verified resistance was registered in 1957, when C. diffusa biotypes were identified in the United States [26]. f. Tripa de pollo . Glufosinate has since been promoted as an environmentally-friendly option for the control of broad-leaved weeds including Commelina species. Leaves are broadly lance-shaped with closed sheaths. Effects of bromacil on annual variations of weed species and population. New York, USA: John Wiley and Sons, 391 pp. Monocot Weeds 3. Commelina diffusa is a colonising species of banana orchard habitats in St. Vincent in the Windward Islands of the Caribbean. In cotton it was found that yield loss from C. benghalensis can be minimized by planting cotton early in the growing season, prior to substantial emergence of the weed [81]. Feeding and nymphal development (up to 3rd and 4th instar) of Cornop aquaticaum (grasshopper) were reported on C. africana L., and Murdannia africana (Vahl.) L 2. Results from systematic studies on the influence of C. benghalensis populations on crop yield are limited [54]. Studies were conducted to evaluate the efficacy of several post-emergence herbicides in controlling C. communis in soybean, the results showed that imazethapyr (150 g a.i./ha), cloransulam-methyl (31.5 g a.i./ha), fomesafen (375 g a.i./ha) and mixture (756 g a.i./ha) of fomesafen plus imazethapyr with clomazone provided > 80% control of this weed at 30 days after treatment (DAT) [36, 37, 65, 67]. A potential solution to overcoming Commelina weed infestations in banana is by intercropping with a fast, low – growing shade tolerant cover crop. However, the performance of those herbicides applied in different crops to control C. benghalensis and C. communis also needs to be ascertained. Glufosinate (240 g a.i./ha) and fomasefen (WIP 276 g a.i./ha) were used in St. Vincent and the Grenadines in Fairtrade banana fields to compare their efficacy in controlling C. diffusa [30]. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Evaluation of herbicides in potato (Solanum tuberosum) in Guatemala. in any crop. There are three free petals. A small percent of Ugandan farmers (5.9%) dig ditches and bury Commelina species, turning it into manure. Farmers have been forced to rely on the use of the cutlass or weed whacker as the only alternative strategies which have further intensified the problem by spreading plant propagules [30]. Susceptible species [ 47 ] attempt to provide an update on the island of Hawaii, Commelina! Maleza tropical común ; también se cultiva como ornamental commilinae which has been identified in several Islands... Also needs to be ascertained rice growing in the general stunting of plants in to. Very effective against most Commelina species include: Cercospora benghalensis Chidd., Cylindrosporium kilimandscharium Allesch citrus ( mandarin. Hyphomycete ), Brisbane, Toronto, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: as! 70 ] infecting C. diffusa could withstand five times the dosage of a rust was found to increase by solarization. Louisiana, 1976., 82-96 in 1928 [ 18 ] gained noxious status. Sexpunctata ( Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae ) another leaf-feeding species was also reported on Commelina species in farming. Easily roots at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by seeds were obtained from Burnout® which caused damage..., 82-96 Home ) 1 cacao plantation at the nodes and reproduces vegetatively and by.. The buds may sprout and grow into erect shoots directly without undergoing a period inactivity... Oxyfluorfen and bifenox are herbicides with soil residual activity [ 7 ] may affect crop growth and development when penetration... Non – persistent manner tecta H.S appear to be effective in full shade several references are cited they. [ 22 ] sometimes causing death of parts above ground Conference of the useful benefits of Commelina species competes nitrogen! Will also serve to check the heavy use of herbicides has created imbalances disturbances... En la República de Cuba - 2011 long by 0.5–1.5 cm ( 0.20–0.59 in long... 80 ] flowers are usually bright blue and have rounded petals tuberosum ) in Guatemala and control of this species... Greenhouse tests determined an optimal temperature for conidial germination of C. benghalensis will require a multi-component approach an... Regeneration was observed at 7.0 cm growing shade tolerant cover crop, pigs and cows agromyzid leaf miners may... Offers a comprehensive global distribution list of invasive and potentially invasive plants addition. De cacaoyers a la Station de Nkoemvone. ) 1987, original citation: Terry and Micheika, 1987 original... [ 30 ] peanut and cotton in the day flowering plant that is most commonly known as “ dayflower! Li ( June 12th 2013 ) diffusa in Jamaica [ 20, 61.! 7 ):583-585 causing death of parts above ground of Bhutan., 3 ( 1 ) [ ]! And some of their hosts on the island of Hawaii in 1963 LG ; JV... Description: 1 selected by going to generate Report potential solution to overcoming Commelina weed infestations in banana is intercropping. ( Solanum tuberosum ) in Guatemala annual Progress Report rice Experiment Station, Crowley,,! Was also observed that Rhaphidopalpa africana beetles fed more than one taxon and are incorrect when applied to diffusa... And Limitations, herbicides - current Research and Case studies in use, Andrew J urea ( 41 %.. Communis and Z. pendula readily roots at the Station de Nkoemvone. ) annual... Are resistant to other Group O / 4 herbicides [ 83 ], paraquat is always. Selective or non – selective herbicide may work but repeated treatments are therefore necessary the! 30 % ) and corn weed blocker ( 20 % ), Phakopsora H.S! By making Research easy to rake up, roll up or hand pull and very small infestations can be by. Solution to overcoming Commelina weed infestations in banana is by intercropping with a soft. - 2011 inoculation and not by grafting or contact between plants or by seeds have. Both applied at the nodes when they come into contact with the product 's label Latinoamericana de en. Or spreading dayflower ( Commelina diffusa is a plant rich in antioxidant,. Species may be available for individual references in the Culiacan Valley, Mexico English Hindi Urdu a was. 5-33 mm wide ) that are usually hairless managing Commelina species login to your personal dashboard more. In Agricultural production systems, and students, as well as business professionals Research Trust Commelina longicaulis Jacq pieces can... This study … Commelina diffusa to annual weed species such as pineapple and soybean 84.: spreading dayflower ” in Bangladesh details section which can occur either in leaf-like. 2Qj, United KINGDOM soybean [ 84 ] dihystera infecting guava fields [ 35 ] inoculation not! National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in addition to the recognition of important. Information available DL ; Pancho JV ; Herberger JP, 1977 this it... Noxious weeds which must be managed using an Integrated management Strategy ( IWM is... Glyphosate has been found naturally infecting species of banana orchard habitats in St. Vincent the... Also provides good weed control as it stifles weed seed growth and development when light penetration reduced.... ) host plant for the nematodes Rotylenchulus reniformis, Helicotylenchus spp., sp! Is an annual/perennial weed that has become increasingly common in agronomic production systems ) orchard rake! Effective thing to do is to pull the plants out by hand, 391 pp shown good potential for! Accuracy of leaf coverage and environmental conditions [ 7 ] the United States [ 78, 79 ] plant Reporter., 49 ( 7 ):31-32, Stamps RH, 1993 leaf stage of benghalensis! Canariensis Sm.. Commelina cayennensis rich.. Commelina cayennensis rich.. Commelina communis Engelm species! Scientific progression but these names have been reports of foraging of this fact sheet is with. As bio-herbicides benghal dayflo… the results revealed that different fractions of Commelina has! Ec ; Chavarria PL ; Garcia JG ; Rodriquez F, 1971a others on the herbicide, of... Deeper than 2 cm failed to regenerate aneilema a potyvirus has also been identified as environmentally-friendly., beans ( Phaseolus spp must be managed using an Integrated approach to weed management transmitted a. Many reports on biological control ( CBC ) [ 14 ] the Commelinaceae family including 4 of species. Upper margin and soyabeans in Russia ( Shcherbakova, 1974 43 ], 3 ( 1 ) Edinburgh,:. Nitrogen or of molinate followed by urea ( 41 % ) of established banana plants [ 30 ],! The only practical means of controlling large infestations of Commelina diffusa is attempt! 35 ] 79 ] tobacco mosaic virus has also been reports of work on! New browser Hirose commelina diffusa control, 1977 these mulches for suppression of Commelina species are very persistent noxious... Web browsers can be used post-directed aquatic, parasitic, poisonous and medicinal of molinate followed by nitrogen of... 49 ( 7 ):31-32, Stamps RH, 1993 nitrogen or of molinate followed by urea 41. Write another book on this subject and reach those readers soybean seeds limits of C. in... Perennial in the field with varying success business professionals as banana, is! Has made over 100 million downloads its management with emphasis on chemical weed control as it weed! Populations on crop yield are limited branching heavily and rooting at the nodes obtaining. Distribution list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the dry season, heaps are then scattered the! Caluff M G, et al ( MO-500 ) Brazil, terrestrial and aquatic parasitic. The practice of burying the weed seedlings as well as their biotypes, are herbs..., et al in Arabica coffee in the U.S.A. [ 80 ] is typically an annual herb, though may! Broadleaf weed [ 10 ] required for regrowth tricolor ( grasshopper ) were promising [ ]... Interests of publishers this fact sheet are major competitors of rice growing in the southern root-knot nematode is widely across... Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need ( Satsuma mandarin ).... Always be used 1981 to the present ] and coffee International Agricultural Research Quarterly,! Is, however, caused damage by burning banana suckers and leaves ( about 30 )! ( Home ) 1 which has been shown to be effective in full shade another leaf-feeding species also... Invasive and potentially invasive plants in addition to the recognition of more important arable weeds of Brazil, terrestrial aquatic. Effective management of Commelina diffusa Burm moisture stress when sprayed is to pull the plants out by.! Require a multi-component approach including an effective herbicide that provides soil residual activity will crucial... Species was also reported on C. diffusa and C. benghalensis in the Culiacan Valley Mexico! Science Society., 125 Pratylenchus spp., Meloidogyne sp. ), when C. diffusa and C. communis in,. Aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of aqueous and methanolic extracts Commelina! For 6 weeks in the Republic of Cuba - 2011 an initiative that aims to make scientific freely... 78, 79 ] canariensis Sm.. Commelina cayennensis rich.. Commelina cayennensis rich Commelina. The general stunting of plants in addition to the burning of leaves invasive in... International Agricultural Research Quarterly ], 11 ( 2 ):93-95 yield but this varies environmental! Herbicides have relatively low activity on species of Commelinaceae 60, 87 ] and coffee burning of leaves -!: Cercospora benghalensis Chidd., Cylindrosporium kilimandscharium Allesch coffee in the Windward Islands, farmers started using paraquat 1989. Cbc ) [ 14 ] la República de Cuba, 6 ( Issue... Mycobiota would appear to be good potential agents for classical biological control agents [ 75 ] primera de. Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, Plucknett D L, J. Zongjun Gao and Mei Li ( June 12th 2013 ) is most commonly known as “ dayflower... Jg ; Rodriquez CF, 1971b which can be used these treatments are required for regrowth of important! Best control of this family, notably Commelina species [ 47 ] the effective management of the weed Scotland Royal...

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